Conditions related to Postpartum Depression

Conditions related to Postpartum Depression

Conditions related to Postpartum Depression

Here in this post, we are providing the “Conditions related to Postpartum Depression”. You can discuss more your concerns about mental health in our community, and we will provide you with tips and solutions in a short time. Keep visiting Mental Health.

Conditions 

Following conditions are related to Postpartum depression during pregnancy and after childbirth.

  • Peripartum  Anxiety
  • Peripartum Bipolar Disorder
  • Peripartum Psychosis
Conditions related to Postpartum Depression
Conditions related to Postpartum Depression

Peripartum anxiety 

Although estimates vary, a 2013 study found that about 16% of women experience an anxiety disorder during pregnancy and about 17% experience it during the postpartum period. 

After giving birth, some women develop:

  • Intense anxiety with rapid heart rate
  • A sense of impending doom
  •  Irrational fears and obsessions
  • Feeling guilty and blaming oneself when things go wrong, and
  • Worrying and feeling panicky for no good reason

Treatment of Peripartum Anxiety 

Treatment may include:

  • Medication
  • Therapy
  •  Combination of both 

Peripartum Bipolar Disorder 

Bipolar disorder has two phases,

  • The depression phase (the ‘lows’) 
  • The manic phase (the ‘highs’)

When the ‘lows’ and ‘highs’ happen at the same time, it is considered a ‘mixed’ episode. Bipolar illness can emerge during pregnancy or the postpartum period. Risk factors include a previous mood disorder and family history of mood disorders.

Symptoms of Depression and Mania

Following are the symptoms of depression and mania:

  • Severe sadness and irritability
  • Elevated mood
  • Rapid speech and racing thoughts
  • Little or no sleep and high energy
  • Impulsive decisions and poor judgment
  • Delusions that can be grandiose or paranoid
  • Hallucinations – seeing or hearing things that are not present

Treatment

Treatment can include:

  • Mood stabilizers and antipsychotic medications
  •  Therapy

Peripartum Psychosis 

Peripartum psychosis is an extremely rare but serious condition .It occurs in only one or two out of every 1,000 deliveries.

Symptoms of peripartum Psychosis

The symptoms of peripartum psychosis are extreme and may include

  • Insomnia
  • Excessive energy
  • Agitation
  • Hearing voices
  • Extreme paranoia or suspiciousness.

Many women with peripartum psychosis have a personal or family history of bipolar disorder. Symptoms of peripartum psychosis can be a serious medical emergency and require immediate attention.

Treatment

  • Psychotherapy
  • Medication
  • CBT

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