Major Depression

Here in this post, we are providing the “Major Depression”. You can discuss more your concerns about mental health in our community, and we will provide you with tips and solutions in a short time. Keep visiting Mental Health.

Clinical depression

Major depressive disorder is also called Clinical depression.

People become sad about various things such as the loss of loved one’s, loss of job, divorce, and other issues in their lives. These feelings are temporary And short-lived. But if these feelings remain for a longer period of time it may lead towards mood disorder which is known as depression.

 

Major Depression
Major Depression

People with major depressive disorder have a depressed mood most of the time and have a loss of interest in activities once they enjoy themselves.

Symptoms 

There are the following symptoms of Major depression

  • Fatigue/loss of interest
  • The feeling of worthlessness or guilt
  • Insomnia/ hyperinsomnia
  • Difficulty in concentration
  • Restlessness / feeling down
  • Suicidal ideation/thoughts
  • Significant Weight loss
  • Agitated

Types

There are the following types of major depression

  • Anxious distress
  • Melancholy
  • Manic depression
  • Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
  • Persistent Depressive Disorder
  • Psychotic Depression
  • Peripartum (Postpartum) Depression
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
  • Situational’ Depression
  • Atypical Depression
  • Treatment-Resistant Depression

Risk factors

There are the following risk factors of major depression

  • Brain chemistry
  • Genetics
  • Environmental factors
  • Personality Type

Triggers 

Following are the triggers of Major depression

  • Death of love one
  • Divorce
  • Separation
  • Social isolation
  • Major life changes
  • Sexual and physical abuse
  • Conflicts
  • Inferiority complex

Diagnosis 

For the diagnosis of Major depression psychologists used

  • DSM criteria
  • Questionnaire

Treatment 

Major Depression is treated by following

  • Medication
  • Psychotherapy
  • Electroconvulsive therapy ECT

Preventions

If a person has an episode of depression, he is at greater risk of having another episode of depression. The only way to avoid another episode of depression is to avoid the triggers and causes of depression. He should take his medicine properly to avoid relapse.

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