Resilience reduces bullying-related anxiety and depression
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Bullying-related anxiety and depression
Bullied youth are at risk for psychopathology, yet resistance is protective. Journal of Affective Disorders published these findings. This study analyzed cross-sectional data from the Texas Youth Aware of Mental Health program.
Students (N=2155) from North Texas middle and high schools self-reported bullying and completed the Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire (ARQ49), QIDS-A, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Screening (GAD-7). 83.5 percent of the pupils had been bullied, 64.6% were girls, and 42.2% were white. QIDS-A: 8.0 (SD: 4.8), GAD-7: 6.2 (SD: 5.1), ARQ49: 171.4 (SD, 28.2).
Bullied people had greater sadness and anxiety ratings and poorer ARQ49 scores (all P.0001).
Bullying was negatively correlated with ARQ49 (r, -0.24; P.0001) scores and positively correlated with depression and anxiety. Anxiety and depression are linked (0.74; P.0001).
Resilience was linked to depression (b, -0.23; P.0001). Resilience partially mitigated bullying’s effects on depression by 64% (P.0001).
Resilience is correlated with anxiety (b, -0.58; P.0001). Resilience mediated 58% of the combined effect of anxiety and bullying (P.0001).
Boys’ resilience mediated 63% of the total effect on depression and 50% on anxiety. Girls’ resilience reduced to despair and anxiety by 62% and 60%, respectively.
This study’s cross-sectional design makes effect direction unclear.
Overall, this study suggests that resilience is a protective trait that modulates the negative mental health effects (depression and anxiety) connected to bullying.
Anderson JR, Mayes TL, Fuller A, Hughes JL, Minhajuddin A, Trivedi M. Experiencing bullying’s impact on adolescent depression and anxiety: Mediating role of adolescent resilience. J Affect Disord. 2022; S0165-0327(22)00336-6. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2022.04.003